I am an Assistant Professor of Linguistics in the Linguistics department at UPenn. I also am a member of the Graduate Group in Psychology. My main interests are in formal semantics and pragmatics of natural language. Much of my work in this area incorporates psycholinguistic methods.
[read more about my interests]

Recent & upcoming talks & events:

September 9-12: Sinn und Bedeutung 20


  • Invited Speaker at MACSIM V, University of Delaware
  • NELS 46 (with Jeremy Zehr)


  • Ling-Lunch & Talk in Martin Hackl’s lab group, MIT
  • 20th Amsterdam Colloquium

January 2016: LSA Annual Meeting

February 2016: Workshop on Presuppositions in Acquisition, 38th Annual Conference of the German Linguistic Society, University of Konstanz [abstract]

May 2016: Workshop on ‘Semantic contribution of Det and Num: (In)definiteness, genericity and referentiality’, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.

June 2016: Workshop on ‘Definiteness across Languages.’  The National Autonomous University of Mexico and El Colegio de México

Selected Publications and Recent Manuscripts and Talk Slides

(additional downloads here; see CV for full list of publications)

2016 [Florian Schwarz, Jacopo Romoli, and Cory Bill] Reluctant acceptance of the literal truth: Eye tracking in the Covered Box Paradigm. Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 20.

2016 [Lyn Tieu, Cory Bill, Jeremy Zehr, Jacopo Romoli, and Florian Schwarz] Developmental insights into gappy phenomena: Comparing presupposition, implicature, homogeneity, and vagueness. (Submitted chapter draft)

2015 [Jeremy Zehr, Cory Bill, Lyn Tieu, Jacopo Romoli and Florian Schwarz] Existential Presupposition Projection from none? An Experimental Investigation. Pre-Proceedings of the 2015 Amsterdam Colloquium.

2015 [Cory Bill, Jacopo Romoli andFlorian Schwarz] Are some presuppositions scalar implicatures? Assessing evidence from reaction times. (submitted)

2015. [Florian Schwarz and Sonja Tiemann] Presupposition Projection in Online Processing (revised version from October 2015; accepted for publication in Journal of Semantics)

2015. [Lynda Kennedy, Cory Bill, Florian Schwarz, Stephen Crain, Raffaella Folli and Jacopo Romoli] Scalar implicatures vs. Presuppositions: the view from Broca’s aphasia. To appear in Proceedings of NELS 45.

2015. Intensional transitive verbs: I owe you a horse. Submitted for inclusion in the Companion to Semantics. (revised version, May 2015)

2015. Experimental Work in Presupposition and Presupposition Projection. Annual Review of Linguistics, Volume 2.

2015. [Florian Schwarz, Jacopo Romoli, Cory Bill] Processing Scalar Implicatures: Slowly Accepting the Truth (literally). Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 19.

2015. False but slow: Evaluating statements with non-referring definites (Journal of Semantics, Advance Access, doi:10.1093/jos/ffu019)

2015. Experimental Perspectives on Presuppositions, Florian Schwarz (ed.),  Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics , Springer International Publishing. ISBN: 978-3-319-07979-0Experimental Perspectives on Presuppositions

NOTE: If you have access to the E-book version (through your library or personal account), you can purchase a paperback ‘MyCopy’ version for $24.99!

My contributions to the volume (email me if you’d like an electronic copy!):

  • Introduction: Presuppositions in Context – Theoretical Issues and Experimental Perspectives.
  • Presuppositions vs. Asserted Content in Online Processing.
  • Symmetry and Incrementality in Conditionals.
  • [Jacopo Romoli and Florian Schwarz] An Experimental Comparison between Presuppositions and Indirect Scalar Implicatures.

2014. [Cory Bill, Jacopo Romoli, Florian Schwarz and Stephen Crain] Presuppositions vs. Scalar Implicatures: The View from Acquisition. To appear in TOPOI, special issue “Presuppositions: Philosophy, Linguistics, and Psychology”

2014. [Ezra Keshet and Florian Schwarz] De Re / De Dicto. (Submitted)

2014. Presuppositions are Fast, whether Hard or Soft – Evidence from the visual world. Proceedings of SALT 24, pp. 1-22. [Also see talk slides and CUNY 27 poster.]

2014. Review of `Paul Elbourne: Definite Descriptions. Journal of Linguistics 50 (3): 731-738.

2014. [Florian Schwarz and Dan Grodner] Pragmatic narrowing in reference resolution: Domain restriction & perspective taking. Poster presented at CUNY 27, OSU, Columbus, OH.

2014. Experimental Investigations of Presuppositions – A Progress Report. Invited talk presented at Linguistic Evidence 2014, University of Tübingen, Germany.

2014. How weak and how definite are Weak Definites? (pre-final draft version)  Weak Referentiality, edited by Ana Aguilar-Guevara, Bert Le Bruyn, and Joost Zwarts, Linguistics Today series of John Benjamins)

2013. Different Types of Definites CrosslinguisticallyLanguage and Linguistics Compass Volume 7, Issue 10, pages 534–559. (pre-final draft)

2013. Maximality and Definite Plurals – Experimental Evidence.  Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 17, E. Chemla, V. Homer, G. Winterstein (eds), pp. 509-526. (Poster version)

2012. Situation pronouns in Determiner Phrases.  Natural Language Semantics, December 2012, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 431-475 (DOI: 10.1007/s11050-012-9086-1)

2010.  Affective ‘this’. [Potts, Christopher and Florian Schwarz] Linguistic Issues in Language Technology 3(5):1-30.

2009.  The pragmatics of expressive content: Evidence from large corpora. [Constant, Noah; Christopher Davis; Christopher Potts; and Florian Schwarz.] Sprache und Datenverarbeitung 33(1-2):5-21.

2009. Two Types of Definites in Natural Language, PhD thesis, University

of Massachusetts Amherst. (Chair: Angelika Kratzer)


2007. Processing Presupposed Content. Journal of Semantics 24(4): 373-416; doi: 10.1093/jos/ffm011 [Full paper freely available from Journal website if you click here]

2007. Ex-situ focus in Kikuyu.  In Aboh, Hartmann & Zimmermann (eds.) Focus Strategies in African Languages: The Interaction of Focus and Grammar in Niger-Congo and Afro-Asiatic. Berlin: de Gruyter, pp. 139-159 [draft]